Dating kaolin pipe stem holes

When restoration is completed the house will be used for a variety of public education programs, including a Dorr’s Rebellion museum.AHS’s archaeological testing at the Reuben Mason House was limited to a long and narrow stretch in the front yard that will be impacted by road repair and sidewalk construction (Figure 1).This paper compares the dates of manufacture obtained for the domestic ceramic and pipe smoking related artifact assemblages from Casselden Place, Melbourne.

dating kaolin pipe stem holes-25

Although small in scale, the excavations revealed important new information on the house and the lifeways of its occupants.

A total of 2,256 artifacts was recovered during the Phase I and II testing, including a diversity of early imported ceramics from England, France, Germany and China.

Hundreds of Native American artifacts including quartz and quartzite waste debris generated by chipped-stone tool manufacture, a few roughly shaped or incomplete stone tools, a quartz arrow point, and Native American clay pot sherds were recovered from the exposed land surface. (PAL) Deepwater Wind, a Rhode Island based offshore wind developer, contracted with PAL to conduct archaeological survey as a planning element of the proposed Block Island Wind Farm (BIWF) and Block Island Transmission System (BITS).

Analysis of the archaeological data is currently ongoing, although preliminary interpretations are that the Crescent Beach Site was a location where the indigenous Block Islanders camped, made stone tools, and cooked or processed foods. The BIWF consists of five turbines with a maximum output of 30 megawatts.

Below that was a layer of dark black topsoil: the ground surface when the house was built. Figure 2: Top row from left to right: red clay marble and a kaolin tobacco pipe stem fragment, bottom row: a small Native American quartz biface fragment (a small cutting and scraping tool), a slate writing board fragment, and European flint strike-a-light fragment (used to spark fire).

This layer contained an abundance of wood charcoal. Figure 3: Photograph of a bisected early to mid-19th century fencepost feature found in front of the Reuben Mason House.

To promote public interest and awareness of local archaeology, the R. Historical Preservation & Heritage Commission is posting short articles that spotlight recent studies and research advances from around the state. Reuben Mason moved to Chepachet and purchased a two-and-a-half story center-chimney house which had been built about 25 years prior. Mason served as an army surgeon in the Rhode Island militia, and then returned to Chepachet where he resumed his medical practice until his death in 1799.

To care for its growing population, the town of Glocester needed a physician, and in 1774 Dr.

Below the ground surface archaeologists found a number of distinct soil layers. 44), historically known as “The Great Country Road.” In 1794 the stretch between Chepachet Bridge and the Connecticut State Line became the first corporate turnpike in New England.

One layer was made up of soil that had been shoveled into the yard when the cellar hole was dug out ca. It mostly contained construction debris such as broken window glass, bits of red brick and hand-wrought nails. The hoe was likely lost when a worker was spreading the loose soil around the yard during the house construction. The toll charged for a wagon, cart or ox-sled was 12 ½ cents.

Allison Simons read a draft of this paper, and I thank her for her comments.

Tags: , ,